MINERALOGY

RESEARCH FIELDS 

NEW TO NORWAY MINERALS WANTED MEMORABILIA  

Introduction.

I started to collect minerals in the early 60-ties close to where I grow up, Kråkerøy, just outside the town Fredrikstad, SE of Oslo. Very early I corresponded with the state geologist Jens Hysingjord , Norwegian Geological Survey in Trondheim, who x-rayed many of my samples and answered a beginners list of questions! But  I did not collected systematically before I made regular visits to the Mineralogisk-Geologisk museum in Oslo (UiO), and had my conversations with late Borghild Nilssen (1913-20??), who was the assistent of late Professor H. Neumann (at that time national member of the CNMMN/IMA) .

And shortly after I became acquainted with Gunnar Raade, at that time still a student, but who later become one of the best mineralogists in Norway after WW II, and who has described more new minerals from Norway than anyone else in the 20th century.

Although  well developed crystallized material are nice, I have not been particularly interested to collect minerals from an esthetical point of view. I am more interested in the mineral chemistry, because it is the unique composition of minerals that fascinates me, and how it is constructed by Nature, - the arrangement of the different atoms,  viz. the structure,  - the crystallo-chemical  bonding. 

To collect minerals - just for collecting ,  makes little sense to me. I have always been interested to extend my knowledge, and especially on the chemical nature of minerals,  their deposits,   properties and geochemistry, -  in other words: to disclose the secrets of Nature,  - combined with the pleasure of discovery.  I support Dr. Ferraris (but actually J.B.S.Haldane) saying that :

Things are interesting only in so far as they relate themselves to other things “ .         

I feel tempted to use my own slogan, that is:

The most important issue in all discoveries is to communicate and disseminate the knowledge

Early I became very  interested in Be-minerals, their deposits and applications thanks to late Richard V. Gaines, whom I learned very much from. In addition to Be, I also became interested in the crystallo-chemistry of  minerals containing Ta, Cs, Li, Y and Sc. Today we know these elements are extremely important in modern and future technology.

My very first trade abroad was with late Dr.Kin-ichi Sakurai (1913-1993), Tokyo in Japan, who had the largest private systematic mineral collection in Japan. And shortly after also with Prof. Correia Neves at the University of Lourenco Marques (now Bereira) in Mocambique.

I was privileged and lucky at an early stage to come in contact with such well-known mineralogists as Petr Černý, University of Manitoba, Canada, the leading pegmatologist in the 20th Century; the late mineral analyst Oleg von Knorring, University of Leeds, UK, specialist on pegmatite minerals of Central Africa; the late Beryllium-mineral expert Richard V. Gaines, Earlysville, USA; the late Russian mineralogists E.Nefedov in Leningrad and A.S.Povarennykh, Kiev; Russian mineralogists at the Fersman Mineralogical museum, Moscow: Prof. Barsanov, Dr. Y.I. Orlov, as well as the alkaline mineral specialists Prof. Semenov and Dr.A.Khomyakov at IMGRE (Moscow). 

.........to be continued

RESEARCH FIELDS.

* Crystallochemistry  and paragenesis of minerals containing Be, Sc, Ta, Cs, Li, Rb

* Mineralogy of Beryllium and Scandium deposits.

* Mineralogy of granite pegmatites

* Secondary Uranium-minerals

* Mineralogy of specific locations

* Mineralogy of nepheline-syenite pegmatites.

* Minerals containing Rare Earth elements

* Mineralogy of Antarctica

* Extraterrestrial  minerals containing Scandium

* Origin of elements, see  http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/index.html

MINERALS   NEW TO NORWAY or   SCANDINAVIA  discovered by  ROY KRISTIANSEN

Year of description Mineral Locality
1971 SCORODITE Jennyhaugen, Drag, Tysfjord
1972 PHARMACOSIDERITE Jennyhaugen, Drag, Tysfjord
1972 LITHIOPHILITE  

Ågskardet, Holandsfjord, Nordland

1972 HUREAULITE

Ågskardet, Holandsfjord, Nordland

1972 FERRISICKLERITE Ågskardet, Holandsfjord, Nordland
1975  LOKKAITE-(Y)   Already known in the 1950-ties !!
1983 WODGINITE  (Ixiolite?)  Høydalen, Tørdal  (incl. in cassiterite)
1985 STUDTITE 

Bjertnes, Krøderen  

*1989 KAMOTOITE-(Y) Bjertnes, Krøderen (Already found 1971)
*1989 JOLIOTITE  Bjertnes, Krøderen (Already found 1971)
*1989  URANCALCARITE  Bjertnes, Krøderen (Already found 1971)
*1993 CAYSICHITE-(Y) Lindvikskollen, Kragerø (collected 1970 !)
1993 CHERNOVITE-(Y) Lindvikskollen, Kragerø (collected 1970 !)
1993 KAMPHAUGITE-(Y)  (discovered 1971! i Høydalen)
*1993 KULIOKITE-(Y)  (discovered by Sæbø ~1960)
1994 MANGANOCOLUMBITE Ågskardet, Holandsfjord, Nordland
1997 (Nb,Fe)-ANATAS Herrebøkasa, Halden  New mineral ?
2000 PLUMBOMICROLITE

Heftetjern, Tørdal

2001 KRISTIANSENITE  NEW MINERAL  Heftetjern
2001 OFTEDALITE NEW MINERAL  Heftetjern
2001  Y-MILARITE" Heftetjern, Tørdal
2002 LIANDRATITE

Herrebøkasa, Halden

2004   HEFTETJERNITE NEW MINERAL  Heftetjern
2006  A new heteropolyniobate 
= ASPEDAMITE
Herrebøkasa, Halden 
2008 PUMPELLYITE-(Al) Nordre Boksjø, Halden
2012 GUGIAITE Saga 1, Mørje, Porsgrunn
2013 SURKHOBITE Bratthagen, Lågendalen, Larvik
2013 FERROCHIAVENNITE NEW MINERAL  Blåfjell, Langangen, Larvik
2013 AGAKHANOVITE-(Y) NEW MINERAL  Heftetjern
2013 FERRO-FLUORO-LEAKEITE Bratthagen, Lågendalen, Larvik
2014 PERHAMITE Herrebøkasa, Halden 
2014 ROCKBRIDGEITE Herrebøkasa, Halden 
2014 IANGREYITE Herrebøkasa, Halden 

  *  Mineral found in Norway long before the original description

ABROAD   (co-author)

1984 KAATIALAITE     Finland Raade et al.1984
1986  ZIMBABWEITE    Zimbabwe  Foord et al. 1986
1993   IIMORIITE-(Y)  Sverige Kristiansen 1993

                                          

NEW MINERALS ORIGINALLY NAMED AFTER NORWEGIANS.

Described       Mineral name               Named after:

 1884            CAPPELENITE-(Y)     Cand. min. Diderik Cappelen (1856-1935);  Landowner of  Hollen (Ulefos) jernverk

1890            HIORTDAHLITE          Prof. Thorsten H. Hiortdahl  (1839-1925); University of Oslo

1903            HELLANDITE-(Y)        Prof. Amund Helland (1846-1918); University of Oslo

1911            THORTVEITITE          Olaus Thortveit (1872-1917); Feldspar- and mineral exporter, Iveland

1929            HOELITE                     Geolog Adolf Hoel (1879-1964)

1968            TOMBARTHITE          Prof. Thomas F. W. Barth (1899-1971), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Oslo

1977            TVEITITE-(Y)              John Peder Tveit (1909-1978);  Farmer and feldspar exporter

1979            HOLTEDAHLITE         Prof.Olaf Holtedahl (1885-1975); University of Oslo

1983            JANHAUGITE             Jan Haug (1934-1998); Dentist at Eidsvoll

1986            HENEUITE                   Prof. Henrich Neumann (1914-1983); Mineralogisk-Geologisk museum, Oslo

1993            KAMPHAUGITE-(Y)    Erling Kamphaug (1931-2000);  Saksbehandler hos Jøtul ,Oslo

2001            RAADEITE                  Curator Gunnar Raade (1944 -); Geological Museum, UiO, Oslo

2002            KRISTIANSENITE      Qual.contr,eng. Roy Kristiansen (1943 -);Unger Fabrikker AS,Fredrikstad

2006            OFTEDALITE              Prof. Ivar Oftedal (1894  -1976), Institute of geology, University of Oslo

2007             EIRIKITE                  
Erik Raude (950-1003), discoverer of Greenland and father of Leiv (Leif) Eiriksson, after whom leifite is named.  

2008            ALFLARSENITE        Alf Olav Larsen (1952-)

2010            SVEINBERGEITE       Svein Arne Berge (1949-)

2013            PETERANDRESENITE Peter Andresen



  MINERAL WANT LIST

        Roy Kristiansen,
Norway   
 

BERYLLIUM-MINERALS

SCANDIUM
-MINERALS

REE-
MINERALS

Ta/Nb MINERALS 

Samfowlerite
Ferrotaaffeite-2N’2S
Fe-Al-phosphate
 

Davisite  extraterr.
Allendeite       "          
Warkite            "        

Anzaite-(Ce)
Pilawite-(Y)   OK
?

Zabinskiite
Stannomicrolite
Natrotantite

Gugiaite  China

Thortveitite,Trimouns
Kangite  extraterr.

Desauite-(Y)
Gerenite-(Y)

Sosedkoite
Pauloabibite


Odintsovite  (Greenland)
Bergslagite (Switerland)

U/ Te-MINERALS

Yakovinchukite-(Y)
Françoisite-(Ce)
Chinleite

Khomyakovite
Tazzoliite
Nioboholtite

 

Piretite
Vochtenite

Qaqarssukite-(Ce)
Synchisite-(Nd)
Alwilkinsite-(Y)

OTHER
MINERALS

 

Schieffelinite
Oboyerite
Chromschieffelinite

Merrillite-(Y)
Moydite-(Y)

Titanholtite
Szklaryite

 MINERALS FROM MSH

Plumbotellurite
Cuzticite
Achalaite

Carlgieseckite-(Nd)
Fontanite-(Nd)

Mathewrogersite
Johntomasite

Townendite

Charleshatchettite

Ottohanite
Andychstyite

Gatelite-(Ce)
Dyrnaesite-(Ce)
Batievaite-(Y)

Tsumgallite
Eyselite

Nolzeite
Hydroterskite
 

Graemite
Backite
Walfordite

 Bussenite
Walkerite

 

Nicksobolevite
Carlsfrancisite
Bartelkeite  

Bobshannonite Bobtraillite
Rogermichellite
 

Adolfpateraite
Heisenbergite

LITHIUM-CESIUM-RUBIDIUM MINERALS

Srilanakite
Carraraite

Hogarthite
Steedeite
 

Agaite
Paratimroseite
Tewite

Ramanite –Rb
Ramanite-Cs

 

Werdingite
Tancoite
Strontioperloffite

Nalipoite
Silinaite
Gaultite

Sejkoraite-(Y)
Jachimovite

Pautovite
Voloshinite

 Zvyagintsevite

Reederite-(Y)
only in matrix
 

 

Carboirite
Genplesite
Galloplumbogummite

List updated 07.10 .2016, Download as Pdf here:

 
Please e-mail me at :  mykosof at online.no       Tel. + 47 69 33 55 53 / +47 97 95 68
ADDRESS: P.O. Box 32  NO-1650 SELLEBAKK  NORWAY

 

MY FAVORITE MINERALS

Liberite        hsianghualite        taaffeite        mineevite-(Y)        reederite-(Y)         gainesite

kristiansenite        oftedalite        cascandite        pezzottaite      khmaralite             

 

MEMORABILIA IN MINERALOGY:

Oleg von Knorring  (1912-1996) Leeds University (see obituary by Nixon 1996)

 

    

   

 

E. Nefedov  (1910-1976) Leningrad

 

A.S.Povarennykh (1915-1986) Kiev

 

Richard V.Gaines (1917-1999) USA

 

    

Paulus B.Moore  (1940 -)  USA

 

     

E. Semenov   (19xx ) IMGRE  Moscow

 

        

Petr Cerny     (1933 -   ) Canada

 

George Chao (19xx      ) Canada  

 

Alexander  Khomyakov  (19xx             ) Russia

 

Alexander Safiannikoff  (19                 ) Belgium

 

Frank Hawthorne   (19          ) Canada 

 

Carlo M. Gramaccioli   (19      Italy

 

Federico Pezzotta   (19   Italy

 

 

 

MINERAL STORIES

An historical scoop      by   Roy Kristiansen

(published in STEIN-magazine 1994, no.2,p. 129-131 , in Norwegian)

 In the very beginning of the 3.millennium we may focuse on two of the greatest mineralogists in the 20th century, viz. the Norwegian  W.C.Brögger (1851-1940) and the French A.Lacroix (1863-1948), and it’s obvious they had much in common.

Several years ago I received some old letter-drafts from a former librarian at the Min.-Geol.Museum in Oslo. Among these were some very interesting historical documents, e.g. a signed letter from Prof.V.M.Goldschmidt to Prof.Ewald, an original dealerlist by the French mineralogist Emile Bertrand (= bertrandite) issued in Paris 1878, but above all an handwritten draft addressed to late Prof.A.Lacroix, and written by late  Prof. A.W.Brögger !

The content is mainly devoted to a personal comment of the first volume  of Lacroix’s great work ”Mineralogie de Madagascar”, volume 1. So, actually, this is an unofficial book review !

I find the following historical document quite unique and enjoyable/amusing, and so interesting that I do not hesitate to share the complete content with the public.

There may be some small errors in the text  caused by the fact that it is not always easy to interpret Brögger’s writings ! Here we go :

------------------------------------------------------------------

Prof.A.Lacroix.

My dear friend !                                                                                                24/4 1922

The time is flying! Several months have already vanished since I received your magnificent work ” Mineralogie de Madagascar ” Tome I.

I was just at that time  very busy, and had not sufficient hours spared to spend on a thorough study of your voluminous and very comprehensive work; also in the months following I was always forced to put off again  to go on with your sizeable volume and I had only time left now and then to dip into it and to admire the extremely fine plates, and the enormous number of figures etc.

And so it has come, that first now in the Easter holidays I have found time sufficient for a continous study of this superb proof of your quite exceptional working power and productivity.

I see that  your work is the result of studies during 25 years, but when I recall aøø your numerous other works and papers published during these 25 years, and further what time your official duties as director of your museum and as ”secretaire perpetual” of the acedemy of science  must have demanded - it is plainly incomprehensive, that it has been possible for you at that time to finish also this your  standard work on the mineralogy, petrology and geology of Madagascar.

I understand that this work has been also for yourself one of your main life-works, and I congratulate you heartly, that you have lived to see ready from your hand this impressive result of never interrupted studies during ¼ of a century.

At the same time I express to you my warmest thanks for your kindness to send me a copy of this your last main work.

Of great interest for me is the first your description  of the minerals from different alkali rocks, especially your thorough investigations of the Na-amphiboles: Barkevikite, Laueite, Imerinite, Richerite and Torendrikite. I think some of these your new amphiboles may be discovered also in the Kr.region (Kristiania =Oslo before 1924)  and still more interesting peg.-dik.min. of interest for me in looking into the mineralogical part of your work has especially the great number of rare minerals from pegmatitic dikes common with corresponding Norwegian occurrences.

So for instance the minerals of the isomorphic group rytil, ilmenorutil, struverit, zircon, malacon, thorit.

I feel here the want of our alvite, a proportionally common mineral on our Norwegian  occurrences, however, hitherto incompletely investigated. On the other side, in Norway the thorianit is still wanted.

As to the wanting of the gadolinit it is remarkable that also a number of other (Y,Er) silicates of the Norwegian granite peg.dykes: hellandit, thalenit, kainosit and others.

Y-minerals Cer-fluorit are hitherto discovered. Also xenotim, yttrotitanit, - so common in Norway seems too be rare on Madagascar.

Very interesting is the appearance of the whole company of the niobates, tantalites and titanates of our granitic pegmatite dikes : Columbit, Tantalite, Euxenite (Polykras), Samarskit, Yttrotantalit, priorit, Blomstrandin, Fergusonit.

Your Ampangabeit seems to me nearly related to the Norwegian Samarskit from Aslaktaket by Moss.

Your beautiful group Betafit and Samiresit is hitherto wanting on our Norwegian dikes; probably we will find this group represented also in Norway by a more thorough investigation of our feldspar-mines.

Very interesting is the discovery of the rare minerals Hambergit and Thortveitit, both of them hitherto only known from Madagascar and Norway.

I see that you have also In Madagascar represented beautifully and richly the Ce-phosphate monazite so common in Norway.

As to the rare silicates it is strange, that our Be-silicates: Phenakite, Bertrandite and Gadolinit are hitherto not found in Madagascar, especially as you have a so splendid representation of beryl.

They will surely later be discovered. In the whole, your thorough investigation has proved a very near agreement with our Norwegian gran.pegmatites and also with the North Amarican granite-pegmatote minerals, - a beautiful proof of the law-directed paragenesis of the mineral-company of the granite pegm. on the whole, as proved in my discussions on the question 33 years ago (Zeitschr.Krist.etc Vol.XVI, I, p.205-214).

Apropos pegm.min., it will perhaps interest you, that a second part of my work is now in press, and will be sent within a month. I have only written a paper on the twins of the hellandie. Th Vogt has a paper on Thalenit, and Schetelig a detailed description on the Thortveitit, and on the Norwegian occurrences of Gadolinit, Cergadolinit and Orthit etc.

In May I think to make a trip to the Fen region for collections of still wanting type-specimens of the Fen -rocks.  I hope thus to be able to send you in June a suite of about 40 types from the Fen-region.

Still once thanking for your Madagascar work, I am  always

Yours truly old friend

W.C.Brögger